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Hướng dẫn học Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 18: The law


2.1 Match the verbs in column A with the nouns in column B.








a crime

a law

a fine

the consequences

a criminal



Đáp án:

accept the consequence, commit a crime, convict a criminal, impose a fine, pass a law


2.2 Match the people with the things they do.

List of people

1    The accused.

2   The judge

3   The jury

4   The prosecutor

5   The lawyer

6   The victim    .


List of things they do

A      tries to prove the accused is guilty.

B       gives evidence against the accused.

C      the person who is on trial.

D      decides whether the accused is innocent or guilty.

E       tries to prove the accused is innocent.

F      decides how a criminal should be punished.


Đáp án:

  1. C
  2. F
  3. D
  4. A
  5. E
  6. B



What words can you use with crime and law? Write in the boxes below.












Đáp án:





serious, non-violent, drug-related, petty, victimless, random

strict, harsh, tough, existing


commit,  combat, solve,  be involved in a, be tough on

obey, break, enforce,  pass, abolish, abide, introduce

NB break (the law) and commit ( a  crime) are not in the recording.


2.4   Now listen and fill in any blanks you have in the table.

2.5   Complete the sentences with suitable words from the recording. You may need to change the grammatical form of the word. Listen and check your answers.

1    I consider myself to be a law-a………..citizen. I’ve never broken the law in my life.

2   The laws in this country are rather s………..- even chewing gum is banned.

3    Arson is a crime a………..  property, but sometimes people can get hurt as well.

4   I was given a parking f………..again yesterday. It’s costing me a fortune.

5   It is the responsibility of the police and the government to c ……….. crime.

6   More money should be spent on crime p………..  than on building prisons.

7   Sometimes the police feel that they are a ………..the law and should not be punished for traffic offences.

8    It used to be against the law to go fishing on Sundays, but thankfully that law was a………. years ago.


Đáp án:

  1. abiding
  2. strict/severe
  3. against
  4. fine
  5. combat
  6. prevention
  7. above
  8. aboilished

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